Preparing and Uploading a Word Document for Publishing on Kindle

There are many ways to create an e-book file for Kindle Direct Publishing. This might be the easiest. How to prepare a Microsoft Word document for uploading to Kindle.

20 Tips on Writing and Self-Editing

By Praying Medic

If you happen to be a blogger or a published author, and especially if you have aspirations of writing your first book, I have a message just for you. I’ve come up with a list of 20 things you might want to consider as you write your next viral blog post or best-seller.

Editing is a touchy subject. There are differences of opinion on how to best convey ideas in writing. There are for example, some obvious style differences between how a writer in London and one in New York would write the same story. But there are concepts that most authors and editors agree upon. Here are a few that I’ve found to be helpful:

1) As much as possible, try to write in clear, concise chunks of thought. In general, it’s best to write the shortest sentences possible. Try to avoid writing long, run-on sentences. If you carefully analyze most long sentences, you can usually re-write them as a couple of shorter sentences that convey the same idea more clearly.

2) Keep related sentences together in the same paragraph and keep paragraphs as short as possible. When transitioning to a new subject or thought, begin a new paragraph.

3) Read through your draft periodically and re-organize paragraphs as needed to make the flow of thought as smooth as possible. Don’t be afraid to do some large-scale reorganizing and re-writing if it’s called for.

4) Learn the proper use of commas. It’s a simple, little mark, but its improper use can drive people crazy. Go here if you need help.

5) Learn two spell better. Spell-chick can be a useful tool, but it isn’t food-proof and it will mist some obviously misspelled worlds. If you want to be a successful writer, strive to improve your spelling. (The first sentence above passed spell-check with flying colors. I counted five misspelled words. How many did you catch?)

6) Learn to write with proper grammar. As dangerous as it is to rely on spell-check for spelling errors, it’s even more dangerous to rely on it to check your grammar. Your reputation and credibility as a writer will largely depend upon your spelling skills and your use of grammar. In particular, learn the proper use of its and it’s; the proper use of your, and you’re; and the proper use of their, they’re and there.

7) Minimize the use of boldingunderlining for emphasis. Their unnecessary use makes your writing harder to read. There are fewer things that require emphasis than we want to admit. When emphasis is needed, consider using italics, but don’t over-do it.

8) Try to use sub-headings when introducing a new section within a chapter or blog post. Keep them relevant. Good sub-headings help readers follow where you’re going. If a chapter or blog post is short, or if it only focuses on one subject, you may not need them.

I-shot_the_serif9) Always use a serif font in a book’s text body. (Examples of serif fonts are Times New Roman and Garamond.) It’s probably the best option for your blog as well. Serif fonts have a little line at the end of the letter. They’re much easier to read than non-serif fonts, such as Arial. (We use Garamond in all our books.)

10) Always use the same font size within the body of a book or blog post. Changing font sizes tends to annoy readers, and causes display problems with e-books. Find a font size that works well and stick with it. (Twelve-point Garamond or Times is a good option, if you’re not sure.) The exceptions to this rule are chapter headings and sub-headings. For chapter headings, I use the same font that we use for the body of the book, but a size that is two or three points larger. For sub-headings, I use the bold version of the same font used for the text.

11) When placing a quote within a sentence, it’s generally safest to use a comma immediately before the quote. The comma will usually follow a word like “said” or “replied.”
Example: Jack said, “I’ve never seen anything like this before.”

12) The punctuation for a quote nearly always goes inside the ending quotation mark.

13) When using quotes, always use double quotes. The exception is when a quote appears inside another quote. In this case, the outer quote gets double quotes, while the inner one gets single quotes. If there are multiple quotes within other quotes, the use of single and double quotes alternates.
Example: The author’s final argument was less convincing: “When Brown writes of ‘interpreting the matter through a “secular” lens,’ he opens himself to the same criticism he made earlier in his own paper.”

14) Many writers struggle with the proper use of semi-colons, hyphens, dashes, and em dashes. I had trouble with them while writing my first 2 books, but I’ve gotten better with practice. I now rely heavily on the em dash, ( — ) which is a very long dash that has a lot of flexibility in how it can be used. It can replace semi-colons and even parenthesis in some cases. It’s my go-to punctuation for long sentences that contain several clauses. (If you use a PC, you can create an em dash by holding down the alt key while typing 0151 on the numeric keypad.) I use this guide for punctuation when I need help. The tabs along the top of the page provide quick access to the use of all forms of punctuation.

15) Titles of books, magazines, movies, etc. are best written in title case, which capitalizes all the words except the shortest ones (such as in, the, of, ect.). A title is usually italicized, and the use of bolding or underlining isn’t necessary. When in doubt, you can check the capitalization of a title here.

16) When introducing a new subject that readers may not be familiar with, it’s a good practice to italicize the first mention of it and explain what the term means, but it’s not necessary to italicize it afterward.

17) It’s a good practice to standardize Bible references. How you do that is a matter of preference, but it’s a good idea to choose a method you like and use it consistently. Some people use standard abbreviations, while others write out the entire book name. Here’s an article that has plenty of tips on this and related topics.

18) The most overused punctuation mark is the exclamation mark! I think of it as literary hot sauce!! A little can be good, but it’s easy to over-do it!!!

19) While it’s tempting to use Capitalization Tricks to draw attention to Certain Words, it’s best to avoid getting drawn into this Trend. Learn the standard rules for capitalization and stick to them. I picked up a few bad writing habits from bloggers that I followed and had to painfully unlearn them when I began writing books.

20) Lastly, resist the urge to use ALL CAPS to draw attention to certain words. It looks unprofessional and the main message it conveys is that you’re an inexperienced writer. Write well and you won’t need to employ such tactics. Strong writing speaks for itself.

Writing a Description for Your Book

In this message, we’ll show you a step-by-step method to write a description that will get your Kindle book in the hands of readers. (We strongly recommend that you read our article on selecting keywords first as this subject will be discussed in this message.)

Your book’s description is not merely an introduction of your book to potential readers – it is also a field of data used by search engines to recommend books to buyers. Much of the marketing of your book is carried out by Amazon’s powerful search engines that work off whatever information you give them. Thus the description of your book needs to be optimized for both human readers and computers. A good description provides readers with a comprehensive, well-written overview, while creating a string of key words that will grab the attention of search engines.

Kindle allows up to 4,000 words for your book’s description. We suggest using as many as possible and we advise spending a little time thinking about the best possible description for your book. One of the biggest mistakes authors make is not taking advantage of the marketing potential offered by a well-written description.

When a buyer searches for a book on Amazon, the website’s search engine will suggest a variety of books based on the words used in their search. The books suggested by the search engine are based on relevance to the search terms (unless the buyer selects a different setting, such as highest average rating).

Once a buyer begins typing in the search box, Amazon suggests words that are commonly used together as search terms. (These groups of words appear below the search window in a drop-down menu.) In our article on keywords we explain that these combinations of words are the best ones to use as keywords for your book. They are also the ones you want to use in your book’s description because search engines look for these words in the title, subtitle, description and in the keywords selected for your book. The more often these word combinations are found – the more likely Amazon is to recommend your book when a buyer enters those words in their search.

To begin, log in to the Kindle Direct Publishing dashboard for your book and find the description text box as shown below.

Description_box

We suggest writing your description in a word processing program and when you are finished, copy and paste it into the text window. Using our book Divine Healing Made Simple as our example, the image below shows how we created a compelling headline for the description.  Amazon has a new feature for authors who have an author page with them.  (Click this link to find out more about author pages.) The author page allows you to create a description in an editing window that provides tools for formatting of text including bold, underline, bullet lists and more. If you have an author page, creating a professional looking description is a snap. If you don’t have an author page, take heart – Kindle allows the limited use of HTML tags for the description in the standard description page editor.

HTML Tags
It’s completely optional, but if you want to create various effects for the text in your description, you can do so by placing HTML tags at the beginning and end of sections of text to create headlines, bold, italics, bullets and more. To create the headline effect as shown in the example below, use the opening heading tag (<H1>) immediately before your ext and the closing tag (</H1>) immediately after the text. Note: using the H1 tag may cause your heading to appear in the Amazon gold color they use for their own headlines, which may cause readers to think your description was created by Amazon. 🙂 Use at your own discretion.

To create the headline effect for your description, replace the text between the tags below with your own text:

<H1>Your Heading Here</H1>

If you want to put the title of your book in bold as we did below, use the HTML tags (<b> </b>) to do it. Replace the text between the tags below with the title of your book:

<b>Your Title Here</b>

To create blank lines between paragraphs and headings, use the paragraph tags (<p> </p>) at the beginning and end of a section of of text. Below we show how to use paragraph and bold tags together. The formatting for the first paragraph in our description looks like this:

<p>
<b>Divine Healing Made Simple</b> is a training manual for the supernatural life, providing street-proven instruction for healing the sick in any type of setting. In addition to healing, the book teaches about prophetic ministry, street evangelism and making disciples.</p>

 

Description_Tags

 

While many authors might use as little as 200 words in their entire book description, we used that many just for the opening. We wrote four paragraphs for the opening of our description, each with different purpose. One paragraph is a general introduction, one tells readers what they can expect from the book, another helps to distinguish our book from others in its genre, and the last is an inspirational paragraph to motivate buyers to read further.

 

Description_Paragraphs

The description itself should be an easy to read overview of your book, with a generous sprinkling of key search words strategically placed within the text so that they don’t interfere with the natural reading of the passage. Repetition of key words is acceptable as long as it doesn’t become glaringly obvious that you’re trying to pack as many search terms as possible into the description. Be careful not to overdo it. Below we’ve circled all the commonly used search terms we used in our description.

Description_Keywords

Bullet List
To give readers a closer look at the contents of our book, and to provide search engines with more keywords, we included the chapter headings of the book in a bullet list. To create a bullet list, replace the text between the tags below with the words from your book:

<li>Chapter 1</li>
<li>Chapter 2</li>
<li>Chapter 3</li>
<li>Chapter 4</li>

Bullet tag

 

Key Words
The key words we want search engines to find in our bullet list are circled below:

Word_combinations

Reviews
Once your book has received some positive reviews you may want to consider adding a few of them to the description. We chose short excerpts from the best reviews and created a list of them with each review separated by a line of blank space.

Headline
To create the headline effect as show below, replace the text between the tags below with your own heading or use ours:

<H1>What Readers Are Saying:</H1>

Italics
It’s completely optional, but to place text in italics as shown below, use the italics tags (<i> </i>) at the beginning and end of the text you want to italicize:

<i>“A book that will bring you to a simpler place and understanding of the truths behind healing the sick.”</i>~ Cameron

Paragraph Tags
To create a line of space between reviews use the paragraph tags (<p> </p>)  and the beginning and end of each line of text. Below is an example of how paragraph and italic tags can be used together:

<p>
<i>“A book that will bring you to a simpler place and understanding of the truths behind healing the sick.”</i>~ Cameron</p>

<p>
<
i>“The authenticity and pure heart of the author comes shining through in a way I truly appreciate.” </i>~ Kody</p>

Paragraph_tag

 

Save and Continue
When your description is complete, save it by clicking on either the “save and continue” or the  “save as draft” button at the bottom of the page.

Save_and_continue

Selecting Your Book’s Keywords

In this message, we’ll show you a simple method to determine the keywords that are most likely to get your Kindle book in the hands of readers.

Kindle allows up to seven keywords for your book. We suggest using all of them and we advise spending a little time determining which keywords are best for your book. When a buyer searches for a book on Amazon, the website’s search engine will suggest a variety of books based on the words used in the search.  The books suggested are based on relevance to the search terms unless the buyer selects a different setting, such as highest average rating.

Once a buyer begins typing in the search box, Amazon will suggest words that are commonly used together as search terms. These groups of words appear below the search window in a drop-down menu. If the buyer chooses one of the suggested combinations of words — the search engine displays books that are relevant to that group of words. If they do not, the search engine suggests a group of books relevant to the words the buyer entered.

The words that appear in groups when a user begins typing are the most commonly searched for combinations. If you want to know what the majority of people are searching for – just look at the combinations of words that are displayed in the drop-down menu as you type. This is where smart authors get their keywords from.

The keywords an author chooses for their book are used by Amazon’s search engines to match up searches by buyers to the books they’re looking for. If you can determine which search words a buyer might use when they’re looking for a book like yours, you’ll know what words to use as your keywords. If you have those same words as your book’s keywords, you have a much better chance of having Amazon suggest your book to a potential buyer.

Keywords can be single words or they may contain strings of words such as “prophetic ministry”, “prayer and fasting” or  “signs and wonders.” In the three examples shown below, when we searched for possible keywords for the book Divine Healing Made Simple, we found that these were groups of words that were relevant to the book and commonly searched for together, so we used them as Keywords. By using this process, we came up with seven different combinations of keywords for the book. Note: in the last example, “prophetic dreams” also came up as a commonly search for combination. We could have used this combination as another keyword.

To choose the keywords for your book, think about the word combinations that are relevant to your genre or the topics discussed in your book and try typing different combinations into the search box, looking for combinations that work. When you have seven sets of words that you think will work well, enter them in the keyword box for your book on the KDP dashboard and save your selections.

Signs_wonders

 

 

Prayer_and_fasting

Prophetic_ministry

Writing a Book – Where to Begin

Our advice to anyone who wants to get started with writing a book is to begin by starting a blog. If you’re new to writing, the early stages of getting your material written can be a frustrating process. Much of the frustration is over the struggle with developing a habit of writing regularly. Blogging is one way you can make the process a lot less painful. If you can get yourself in the habit of posting regular messages on a blog for a year or two, you accomplish several important things:

First — Blogging will get you in the habit of writing regularly, which in itself is a major victory. Most people who want to write books never write them because they never develop a regular habit of writing. Blogging can give you the motivation you need to write regularly.

Second — Blogging puts your writing in front of an audience that can give you feedback. All writers need to hone their writing skills. A great way to work your way through the process of becoming a better writer is to let readers tell you what they like and don’t like about your material. If you respond to criticism by changing (and improving) your writing style, you will become a better writer.

Third — when you post messages on a blog you’re creating an audience of readers who will likely buy your book once it is written. You do the writing and let search engines bring interested people to your blog. After you’ve written a certain number of messages, you may find that they can easily be converted to the chapters of your first book.

For those of you who need help starting a blog, we’ve written a comprehensive article explaining step-by-step how to get started. Click this link for that message:

 

Step-by-Step Advice on Starting a Blog

When we start out to create a blog we should ask a few questions. The answers will point us to the blogging tools we’ll need. The first question might be, “Why do I want to create a blog?”

Is it for business, school, ministry, or as a hobby?

What types of things do I want to have on my blog?

Will I post written messages, videos or photos?

What type of audience do I hope to reach?

Will the blog be for friends, family, church, community, or the world?

And lastly:

How much time do I have available to keeping my blog going?

This last question is an important one that’s easy to overlook. Blogging takes time and if you have a popular blog, it can take a lot of time. Ask yourself how much time you have to devote to maintaining your blog.

Spend some time thinking about these questions and develop an idea of what your blog will be about, what it will look like and how much time it will take to maintain it.

Getting Started
Most bloggers begin by using a template provided by a free blog service. The two most popular services are WordPress and Google’s Blogger. There are other services available but most bloggers use one of these two. (My friend Seneca Shcurbon wrote a great article that covers some of the other options.)

Both services have full-featured blogging platforms and they update their services often. Which service you choose is a matter of preference. Since I already had a gmail account when I started blogging, I started with Google’s Blogger and it worked well for me. I have several friends who have used WordPress and they’re happy with that service. (I’ve used both and I personally found Blogger easier to use than WordPress.)

Blogging is made available as a free service, because blog providers make money through advertising. If you choose to advertise on your blog you could create a source of income by having people visit your blog. You allow the blog service to post ads on your blog and they pay you for using your blog space. Carefully consider whether or not advertising is for you.

Advertising
While some bloggers are able to create revenue from their blogs by advertising, not everyone can and not everyone should. Advertisers look for certain things in a blog before allowing their ads to be posted. Before you’re approved to post their ads, most agencies scan your content to see if it fits their criteria. If your blog passes muster, you’ll be allowed to post their ads. If not, you’ll be declined. If you’re not able to advertise, don’t despair. Blogs with a lot of ads take longer to load and that can be annoying to some readers. Heavy use of advertising may actually keep people away from your blog.

Free or Paid?
Although I started out using a free blogging service, I now use a paid WordPress website that I host through Bluehost. I felt like my needs had outgrown Google’s Blogger so I moved up to the next level. The upside to a hosted blog is that you have nearly unlimited freedom when it comes to design. The downside is that you have to pay for hosting. Managing a self-hosted website is a lot more work than managing a free blog. Although you begin with a template, you have to make it look the way you want and that requires some work. for a discussion on the pros and cons of free versus paid WordPress websites, check out this article.

After you decide which blogging service to use, the next step is to choose a name and address for your blog. Spend a little time thinking about the name of your blog. Consider names that your readers will identify with. Also consider that your blog’s name can be used by other bloggers. If you want a unique name, be sure to do a search to see whether or not someone is using the name you’ve chosen.

Once you have a name for your blog, you’ll need to create a web address for it. Although blog names can be duplicated, blog addresses are unique. If you go with a free blogging service, they’ll recommend available addresses that can be used at no  charge. You may want to experiment a little and try different possibilities. You’ll need to find an address that isn’t already in use.

As long as the blog address ends with the name of your blog service (i.e ‘blogspot.com’ or ‘wordpress.com’) the address should be free. If you choose an address without the blog service ending, you’ll have to register it with a service like GodaddyBluehost or Hostgator. You’ll pay a small fee to register the domain name, which reserves it for your use.

Templates
The next step is choosing a template for your blog. A template is a standard set of instructions written in programming language that gives a blog a particular look. Blogging services like WordPress and Google make a variety of templates available. There are also graphic designers who create free templates for use with WordPress and Google blogs.

There are many aesthetic differences between blog templates, but only a few of them are functional.  The functional differences between templates has to do with the number of columns and how they are laid out.  Some templates have two columns while others have three.

Most templates include a main column for posts and one or two sidebars for add-on modules known as “widgets.” Blog content (the text you are now reading) appears in the main column. If you allow readers to leave comments, they’ll usually appear under the post in the main column.

Sidebars provide space for widgets, which are things you add to your blog. Examples are: images, videos, podcasts, weather forecasts, links to older stories, favorite posts, links to other blogs, social networking links, a Paypal donate button, statistics for your blog, disclaimers, legal information, contact information, advertisements, etc.

A two-column template has one wide column for posts and one narrow column as a sidebar. A three column template has one main column and two  sidebars. (Note that this blog has one main column and two sidebars; one on the left and one on the right.)

Nearly everything in a blog template can be modified to some degree, but it’s always been hard to change a three column template to a two column or vice-versa. Recently however, templates have become available that allow you switch not only from a two to three column layout, but you can move the sidebars as well. My blog template has a lot of flexibility. I can choose between several layouts that have two or three columns and I can create individual pages with a completely different layout from the home page. My template is one that I bought. Most free templates are still limited in layout options.

The template you choose will depend on which layout fits your particular needs. If your blog only requires a single, wide column for images or text, and maybe a few widgets,  a two-column layout will probably work. If your blog will have a lot of add-on components that go in a sidebar, a three column layout may be better for you.

Don’t let the template become an obstacle to getting started. If you aren’t excited with the look of a particular template, rest assured knowing that you can tweak it to make it look better or find another one at a later date. If you begin with a two-column template and find that you need more room for widgets, you can always switch to a three-column template.

Dimensions
The dimensions of websites are commonly referred to in pixels. A pixel is a small unit of measurement that describes the height or width of something formatted for the internet.

The main column of a blog is usually between 350 and 500 pixels wide. Sidebars are typically 150 – 250 pixels wide.

For years, the standard width for blog templates was 750 pixels wide.  A two-column template might have a main column 450 pixels wide and a sidebar that is 200 pixels wide. The combined width would be 650 pixels in a layout that allows for 750 pixels total width. The remainder of the space (100 pixels) is used for padding between columns and edges.

Mostly due to the fact that the average computer monitor has grown considerable wider, templates are now available in wider widths. The template I use for this website is 1140 pixels wide. That’s a lot of real estate for my stuff.

Color Schemes
Color schemes are created by graphic designers to give blogs a certain look and feel. There’s a reason why most of us aren’t graphic designers – they have talents we don’t have. Designers are paid to create nice looking websites. Most of the fonts and colors of a blog can be modified, but it’s a risky proposition. If you make too many changes, you’ll end up with a ghastly looking blog. Be cautious when making changes to the standard fonts and colors of a template.

Images
You can display images on your blog by simply adding them to the post in the post editor page. There is button that allows you to add images from your computer or from the internet via HTML code. You’ll be given choices about whether to display the image at it’s full size or a smaller size. There are options  to display the image to the left, right or centered in the main column and you can choose to add tags or descriptions to images.

Tabs & Pages
A recent addition to blogging is a feature known as ‘tabbed’ pages. For years, bloggers were limited to their main page as the only place to put their stuff. But a few years ago, blogging services began offering tabs to multiple pages. Now you can have different pages for different things. Want to have a page for instruction and a separate page for photos? No problem. Just add another tab. A major reason why I switched to a WordPress hosted website was because I wanted to have the ability to add tabs for different pages and my old Google blog made it difficult. My WordPress theme makes it easy to add tabs at the top of the page and even allows for drop-down menus. I can have each page formatted to look virtually any way I choose.

Frequency
Some bloggers post daily, others post weekly and some only a few times a year. How often you post is up to you. I usually post about every two or  three days, which gives my readers a break between posts, so they can do other things and not miss out on what’s happening. I take advantage of my blog’s scheduling feature, which allows me to create posts and schedule them to be published at a future date.

I often set up a group of posts to publish two or three weeks in advance, with three days between posts. This allows me to have a life aside from being a blogger. When something comes up that I want to post immediately, I create the post and publish it, then reschedule the posts I have waiting to publish.

Getting Social
If your blog is intended to reach a wide audience, you’ll want to connect it to social networks. There are add-ons you can use to connect a blog to Twitter, Facebook, and other social networks. My posts are set up to be tweeted automatically when they publish. I use Networked Blogs to publish them to my Facebook page automatically. Automated services can be a blessing, decreasing the time needed to monitor your blog. When I started blogging, I was getting about 10 to 15 viewers a day. Within a month of connecting it to Facebook, the number of views increased tenfold. Social networking is critical if you hope to reach a large audience.

Critics
If your blog attracts readers, it will eventually attract critics. Bloggers have a choice in either allowing or disallowing comments. If you allow readers to comment, you’ll have the pleasure of dealing with feedback – both good and bad. How you handle feedback is critically important. If you handle criticism well, you’ll likely have a good blogging experience, but if you struggle with criticism, your life as a blogger may not be very happy.

Spend some time honestly assessing how you handle praise and criticism and set up the comment feature accordingly. We suggest moderating all comments before they post as your blog will inevitably get spammers leaving comments that will detract from the flow of your blog.

The blogging environment has become a lot more flexible lately. For today’s blogger, the possibilities are nearly endless. We hope you found this message helpful. If you have any questions on getting started as a blogger, we’d be happy to help. Just leave a comment or send us an e-mail.

Articles on blogging by Frank Viola:

How to Start a Blog from Scratch – A Quick & Easy Guide

Advice for Bloggers

What I’ve Learned in Two Years of Blogging

Tips for Bloggers

8 Reasons Why I Don’t Read Your Blog

 

Is Self-Publishing for You?

This message will introduce you to the world of self-publishing and help you decide if self-publishing is for you.

We did a lot of research before we decided to self-publish our first book. We investigated and compared all the different routes of publishing—the cost break-down, terms of contracts, the quality of printing, customer service, etc. We weighed all the things we’d learned and decided that self-publishing was the way we wanted to go. One major factor that weighed into this decision was the fact that we know quite a lot about graphic design. Much of the cost of publishing a book goes to pay a graphic designer for the time and skills they have to create a print document and a cover image for your book.

If you’re reasonably skilled in graphic design, or if you have access to someone who is willing to lend you their skills at a discounted rate, (or even better – for free) self-publishing is by far the most economical way to go. If you don’t know much about graphic design or if you have no access to someone with the skills – you may need to hire a professional graphic designer, that is, unless you want to use the free (but limited) design services offered by Amazon.

There are basically three ways to get your book published. The traditional route is to submit a manuscript to a publisher (or many publishers) and wait to have them offer you a book deal. This offers no guarantee that your book will ever be published. And if it is published, the royalties are very low, by comparison to other routes available.

The second way is to use a “vanity” publisher. An example of a vanity publisher is Destiny Image, which is a Christian publishing firm. They review your manuscript and if it meets their criteria, they’ll agree to publish it. But they require a substantial financial investment from you, first. An unknown author must usually agree to purchase between $10,000 and $15,000 worth of books before printing begins. Publishers do this because they don’t want to assume all of the financial risk — so they pass it on to the author. In essence, they have you cover their up-front costs for printing.

The third option is to self-publish. There are a number of companies that offer self-publishing. Amazon makes the process pretty straight-forward and very cheap. They offer graphic design services for authors who don’t have access to their own designer. You have to pay for it, but their rates are pretty reasonable. Their artists are not world-class, so don’t expect a killer book cover. Amazon offers packages at various prices, depending on what your needs are. You can add whatever services you like including editing, marketing, etc. They also offer free (but limited) design services in the form of pre-formatted templates.

E-book or Paperback?
The traditional means of publishing books on paper has been turned upside down in the recent years with the advent of electronic publishing. Print books require more graphic design than e-books. The higher requirement for graphic design work means that publishing a paperback is more costly than an e-book. The low cost of publishing e-books has made this market very lucrative. The explosion of interest in e-books has created enough demand that if you market your books well, you can reach a wide audience with an “e-book only” approach to publishing. The upside to an “e-book only” approach is that it’s much cheaper and easier to publish e-books.  The downside is that you limit your book to people who have access to e-book technology.

Amazon uses two different companies for authors who want to publish with them. Kindle Direct Publishing handles their e-books while Create Space does their print books. We chose to publish  with Amazon for a number of reasons. They’re by far the largest marketer of books in the world. We felt like the book had the best chance to reach a global audience if we put it in the hands of Amazon, and so far – it’s working out very well. The second reason is cost. Amazon’s services are very affordable.

At Inkity Press, we have our own editor and graphic designer, so we did not need help in those areas from Amazon. Writing books is easy, but marketing them is hard for most authors so Amazon offers marketing services for a fee. We planned to do the marketing ourselves through Facebook, Twitter and other social media. So we didn’t need those services either. The more you can do for yourself, the less you have to pay others for their services. We simply wanted to have Amazon print our book and make it available.

The total cost we paid to Create Space to print our paperback was $10.00. (That’s not a typo.) We paid $10.00 to buy an ISBN number to have the book cataloged and that’s all we paid them. We did have other costs of our own, like purchasing the rights to images for the cover design, but the money we paid to Amazon was surprisingly small. An e-book doesn’t require an ISBN number, so we paid Kindle Direct Publishing nothing to publish our book.  That’s right—they published it for free.

How is this possible?

Create Space is a digital print-on-demand service. They only print a book after it’s ordered. They carry no inventory. So if nobody ever orders your book–none are printed and their cost to carry your title is virtually nothing. If they receive orders for the book–they print copies as needed and ship them. It’s a very efficient process that keeps costs at a minimum. That’s why it only cost $10.00 to publish our book. It costs even less to publish e-books because an e-book sale is a simple, inexpensive transfer of data.

Now before you get too excited, let me explain the other side of the equation. My team spent hundreds and hundreds of hours of their own time creating the book manuscript and cover image. The process of editing and editing and editing some more went on for almost a year. My wife and I did the first rounds of editing, but eventually we recruited the help of someone with a better eye for the job. Lydia Blain took over as our editor and she did an excellent job.

It’s common for authors to downplay the need for editing. I think it’s a serious mistake to think you don’t need an editor. Frank Viola is one of my mentors when it comes to writing. He’s published many good books and is one of the most successful Christian bloggers. Frank advises all authors to find a good editor and allow them to do their job. Good editing makes a book better.

If all you want is to have your book in print, regardless of how many typos, missing words or grammatical errors you have in the book, by all means, skip the editing. But if you want a book that shines; one that will be taken seriously by its readers—you’ll need an editor. If you need help with editing, let us know and we’ll put you in touch with Lydia or you can visit her website.

Professional editing isn’t cheap. You’re going to have to pay someone for their time and expertise if you want them do a decent job. That is, unless you know someone who has the skills to be a competent editor and they’re willing to do it at a discount or for free.

You’re probably wondering what kind of royalties you might expect from a self-published book. Depending on the choices you make, the royalties range from around 35% to 70% of the retail price of the book.

If your Kindle title is between $2.99 and $10 – the royalty paid to the author is 70% on each copy sold. If the retail price is more than $10 or less than $2.99 — the royalty is 35%.

The royalty for a print book is around 35% for purchases made on Amazon. Traditional publishers offer royalties that are only a fraction of this.

It is possible to make a little money selling books at royalty rates this good, but you have to find people to buy your books. While most authors are pretty good at writing books, they’re often clueless when it comes to selling them. We won’t go into the ins and outs of marketing a book in this message, but if you want to ask questions in the comments we’ll do what I can to answer them. (We will publish articles on marketing in future messages.) Books don’t sell themselves.  Every author needs a plan to get the word out about their book. If you need advice on marketing, contact us and we’ll do what we can to point you in the right direction.

Lastly — A big downside to using vanity or traditional publishers is editorial freedom. Most publishers reserve the right to edit the content of your book according to their own standards. We consulted with Tyler Johnson on this issue and he shared a horror story he had with his first publisher, who decided to chop out some vital sections of his book because the content did not agree with the publisher’s theological perspectives. That incident caused him to pursue the route of self-publishing. If you’re likely to have content in your book that won’t measure up to someone’s theological yardstick—rest assured knowing that if you self-publish, you have the final say on content.

Well, that’s wrap. I hope you’ve found this message informative. If we can help you in any way, or answer any questions, let us know. Thanks for dropping by.